Antibiotics can be taken by anyone, the main reason why you may not be able to take an antibiotic is if you have had an allergic reaction to an antibiotic in the past. Even if you have had an allergic reaction to one antibiotic, your doctor will be able to choose a different type of antibiotic, which you will be able to take. If you are pregnant, there are certain antibiotics you should not take, but your health professional will be able to advise on which one is suitable if an antibiotic is needed. If you are on some medication certain antibiotics can really be avoided, or your regular medication stopped whilst you take the antibiotic. We shall be taking a look on a few things that are necessary for us to do in order to help the antibiotics we take function properly.
It is important to remember that antibiotics only work against infections that are caused by bacteria and certain parasites. A parasite is a type of germ that lives on or in another living being (host). Antibiotics do not work against infections that are caused by viruses for example, the common cold or flu but sometimes viral infection or minor bacterial infection develops into a more serious secondary bacterial infection. In this case, antibiotics would be needed.
What You Probably Didn’t Know About Antibiotics
Antibiotics are powerful medicines that fight bacterial infections, when used properly antibiotics can save lives. They either kill bacteria or keep them from reproducing. After that the body’s natural defenses can usually take it from there. Before bacteria can multiply and cause symptoms, the immune system can typically kill them. White blood cells attack harmful bacteria and even if symptoms do occur, the immune system can usually cope and fight off the infection. There are times however, when the number of harmful bacteria are excessive and the immune system cannot fight them all. In this instance Antibiotics can really be useful.
The first antibiotic discovered was penicillin. Penicillin-based antibiotics, such as ampicillin, amoxicillin, and penicillin G, are still available to treat a variety of infections and have been around for a long time. There are several of current antibiotics and they are usually only available with a prescription in most countries and can also be readily available in over the counter.
Making Antibiotics Function Better In The Body
Some persons are so used to taken over dose medicines for what the call “quick action” or “quick healing” which is totally wrong. According to Alexander Fleming, He said:
“Taking Antibiotics over dose or under dose is a danger to the ignorant man and in doing this, it can expose his microbes to more non-lethal quantities of the drug and make them resistant causing the resistant effect”.
Most times, People usually take antibiotics by mouth however; doctors can administer them by injection or apply them directly to the part of the body with infection. Most antibiotics start combating an infection within a few hours. It is important to complete the whole course of medication to prevent the return of the infection. Stopping the medication before the course has finished means that there is a higher chance the bacteria will become resistant to future treatments. This is because the ones that survive have had some exposure to the antibiotic and may consequently develop resistance to it. Overuse of antibiotics has led to some bacteria changing their form or structure (mutating) and becoming resistant to some antibiotics, which may then not work when really needed. For instance Meticillin resistant to Staphylococcus Aureus which is a bacterium that has become resistant to many different antibiotics and is difficult to treat. Other bacteria produce chemicals called enzymes such as extended spectrum lactamases which enables them to be resistant to certain antibiotics.
Improper taking of Antibiotics according to prescription has increased resistance to antibiotics which has become a major health threat globally, as antibiotics are life-saving for serious illnesses. Which means if your medical professional says antibiotics are not needed for your condition, do not ask for them. It is a sure thing that your doctor will explain in what circumstances you might need antibiotics and what symptoms should prompt you to return for another check. If your illness has changed, or you have developed a secondary infection, antibiotics may be needed after all. Health professionals follow guidelines to help reduce unnecessary use of antibiotics.
Furthermore, Bacteria can use many different methods to outwit the antibiotic molecules we use to treat communicable diseases. One common method is for a bacterial to inactivate the antibiotic molecule by modifying it chemically.
Maria Selmer a researcher on pathology in regards to this as discovered in one of her researches said that:
“This means that the antibiotic molecule no longer fits its binding position and cannot exert its effect, in the same way that a bandaged foot no longer fits its shoe, but we have been able to discover that the bacterial enzyme can recognize two different antibiotics and this can help us to understand how an existing resistance enzyme can be upgraded and inactivate additional types of antibiotics, leading to a rapid development of resistance to new antibiotics”.
The main reason why bacteria can quickly become resistant to new antibiotics is that enzymes can learn to inactivate several different antibiotic molecules by mutating. Making use of a method for determining protein structure (crystallography), computer simulations and biochemistry the researchers show at atomic level how different antibiotic molecules fit into different parts of the bacteria enzyme where the inactivation reaction occurs.
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Those who take antibiotic should not take other medicines and herbal medicines without speaking with a health professional first. Sometimes, over the counter medicines might also interact with antibiotics. Some medical doctors suggest that antibiotics can reduce the effectiveness of oral contraceptives but , most research does not generally support this. Nonetheless, if you experience some side effects when taking Antibiotics like diarrhea, vomiting, and you are not taking your oral contraceptive during illness because of an upset stomach, its effectiveness may be reduced. With this it is pertinent to take Antibiotics according to your Doctor’s prescription to avoid any health complications.